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기타 스타일 가이드

What? Why? How?


인용은 필자가 자신의 논변을 강화하거나 이해시키는 수단으로서, 다른 사람의 견해를 끌어와 자기 주장에 객관성과 정단성을 부여하는 일이다. 필자는 선행 연구 결과와 자신의 견해를 비교하거나 대조하여 자신의 글이 가진 맥락을 밝히기도 하고, 권위 있는 필자의 글을 인용하여 자신의 주장이 가진 타당성과 정확성을 뒷받침하기도 한다. 독자들은 이를 통해 글을 더욱 잘 이해할 수 있게 된다. (글쓰기 교재편찬위원회, <나를 위한 글쓰기>, 경희대학교 출판문화원, 2011, 223쪽)

글의 인용방법은 '참고문헌 인용법' 가이드 TAB에서 제시한 방법 외에도  다양한 방법이 있기 때문에 알맞은 인용법을 찾아 적용해야 한다.

What is referencing?

Referencing is the way that you describe the sources of information and ideas that you use in your assignments. The best scientific writing is spare and straightforward. It spotlights the ideas being presented, not the manner of presentation. Manuscript structure, word choice, punctuation, graphics, and references are all chosen to move the idea forward with a minimum of distraction and a maximum of precision.

To achieve this clarity of communication, publishers have developed rules of style. These rules are designed to ensure clear and consistent presentation of written material. Editorial style concerns uniform use of such elements as:

  • punctuation and abbreviations
  • construction of tables
  • selection of headings
  • citation of references, and 
  • presentation of statistics

Why do I need to reference?

  • To indicate where you get your information/ideas from
  • So the reader can verify your sources
  • To avoid plagiarism.   Plagiarism is when a person tries to present someone else's work as their own.  Penalties for plagiarism can include loss of marks, failing a subject or failing your course. You might like to watch this entertaining video on plagiarism.

What do I have to reference?

  • If you have used anything in your assignment that was originally written or created by someone else, you must reference it. 
  • This does not just mean direct quotes... it also includes any ideas you have paraphrased or summarized…
  • It applies to anything you use - graphs, statistics, images etc.

How do I write my references?

1.  Go to the style guide that you require

  • There are many different referencing styles even for the same discipline. 
  • You will need to check your subject outline or ask your lecturer which one you need to use.
  • The tabs above will take you to the main styles : APA, Harvard, Vancouver, NLM, MLA and Chicago.

2.  Select the section that best describes the resource you want to reference

  • Use the left hand index to click on the relevant format (i.e. book, journal article, web page, map or whatever).

3.  Fill in the sections exactly as in the example

  • Copy the example style exactly substituting the information from your resource.
  • Pay close attention to things like spaces, full stops, commas, italics, brackets, hanging indent etc


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황일원 (Hwang, Il-Won)
경희대학교 서울캠퍼스
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